Motivation is the driving force that comes within an individual to satisfy his/her unsatisfied needs. Needs and expectations are drivers that motivate an individual to achieve those needs. These motivators are often considered in terms of being internal or external. According to Mac and Sockel (2001), the internal motivators are related with intrinsic needs that satisfies an individual while external motivators are environmental factors brought up to individual by organisation. intrinsic motivation makes a person to be productive as it comes within him/her while extrinsic motivation results once the unmet needs have been achieved(Marquis and Huston, 2008). A person is intrinsically motivated when he/she engages in the activity that gives pleasure and satisfaction (Deci and Ryan, 2004). On the contrary, Deci and Ryan (2004) explained extrinsic motivation as an external control over a person who gets engaged in the activity, not for pleasure or satisfaction but for attaining a positive outcome or avoiding a negative outcome.
At the undergraduate and master's dissertation level, you will often focus on just two variables: an independent and a dependent variable ; or sometimes, a second or third independent and/or dependent variable [see the article: Types of variables ]. Only in a minority of cases are you likely to examine a large number of variables at once. However, just because you are only focusing on a small number of variables, this does not mean that these are the only variables that relate to the research you are performing. In this respect, an extraneous variable refers to any variables that you are not intentionally studying (or cannot study, perhaps because of reasons of cost or difficulty). Rather than there being just a few of these extraneous variables, there are likely to be hundreds or even thousands. In other words, it is impossible to avoid extraneous variables.
This new area of management brings learning and challenges to the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is defined as an organisation’s active investment in the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the work force. When developing an organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and communication, as well as individual, team and organisational performance in a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on diversity are: