In a nutshell, the story is about communism. Farmer Jones, who was depicted as the enemy in the beginning of the story is the leader of the country, in this case, Russia therefore him being the Russian Czar Nicolas II. According to my sources, Farmer Jones symbolizes the evils of capitalism and that humans fall prey to the capitalistic ideas. Old Major, the pig who stands as the leader of the animals is the symbol for Karl Marx. His ideas shaped greatly the idea of Animalism and though he died before his plans unfolded, much like Karl Marx, the animals followed his commandments faithfully.