The 1964 Republican electors were the first since Reconstruction to prevail in Alabama. The Goldwater-Miller slate received 479,085 votes ( percent) to the unpledged electors' 209,848 ( percent). The Republican tide also brought to victory five Republican members of the United States House of Representatives , including William Louis Dickinson , who held the Montgomery-based district seat until 1993, and James D. Martin, the Gadsden oil products dealer who defeated then State Senator George C. Hawkins for the . House seat formerly held by Carl Elliott . Hardly yet sworn into the . House, Martin already had his eyes on Wallace's own position as governor.